- Extreme Mental Focus
- Pure Physical Energy
- Mind Blowing Strength and Endurance
- Concentrated and full of flavor (50 Servings)
A heap of combustible material, especially one for burning a corpse as part of a funeral ceremony
Unleash your true potential with the scorching power of Pyre... An unworldly synergistic blend of stimulants provides extreme mental focus, pure physical energy, strength and endurance that will blow your mind. This is the ultimate pre-workout. Step into the darkness...Set Your Workout Ablaze And Unleash Hell!
Surely you are well aware that caffeine’s most well-known benefit is to act as a stimulant in the body. But do you know how it performs this function? It’s all due to a chemical our body produces called adenosine. When adenosine binds to its receptors in the brain, it signals fatigue, making you tired and sluggish and slows down nerve activity dulling your brain. By binding to adenosine receptors, caffeine prevents this fatigue signal and keeps you more alert and mentally focused. Research confirms that supplementing with caffeine before workouts increases muscle endurance and strength. In addition to its ability to blunt adenosine, caffeine may provide these effects through its ability to boost nitric oxide (NO) levels, which was discovered by Japanese scientists. They reported that subjects taking a dose of caffeine experienced improved blood flow to muscles thanks to increased NO levels. New research also shows that caffeine offers numerous health benefits, such as less cognitive decline with aging and a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, to name a few.
COCO BEAN EXTRACT
Cocois the plant from which chocolate is made. Bitter chocolate is produced by pressing roasted cocoa kernels (seeds) between hot rollers. Cocoa powder is produced by squeezing the fat (cocoa butter) from bitter chocolate and powdering the remaining material. Sweet chocolate is produced by adding sugar and vanilla to bitter chocolate. White chocolate contains sugar, cocoa butter, and milk solids.
Long regarded as a food treat, cocoa is now used by some people as medicine. Cocoa seed is used for infectious intestinal diseases and diarrhea, asthma,bronchitis, and as an expectorant for lung congestion. The seed coat is used for liver,bladder, and kidney ailments; diabetes; as a tonic; and as a general remedy. Cocoa butter is used for high cholesterol.
You’ve probably heard the buzz about the possible heart health benefits of chocolate, especially dark chocolate. In fact, the candy company Mars, Inc., plans to seek a health claim for chocolate from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the next few years based on research they sponsored regarding the potential role of cocoa flavonoids in cardiovascular health. Flavonoids are chemicals that might lower blood pressure. Dark chocolate contains more flavonoids than milk chocolate or white chocolate. Mars, Inc. is also sponsoring research to see if cocoa flavonoids can help reduce age-related memory decline.
How does it work?
Cocoa contains a variety of chemicals, including antioxidants called flavonoids. It is not clear how these might work in the body, but they appear to cause relaxation of veins. This could lead to lower blood pressure.
GREEN TEA EXTRACT
Green tea is a product made from the Camellia sinensis plant. It can be prepared as a beverage, which can have some health effects. Or an “extract” can be made from the leaves to use as medicine. Green tea is used to improve mental alertness and thinking. It is also used for weight loss and to treat stomach disorders, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, bone loss (osteoporosis), and solid tumor cancers. Some people use green tea to prevent various cancers, Green tea is also used for Crohn’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, diseases of the heart and blood vessels, diabetes, low blood pressure, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), dental cavities (caries), kidney stones, and skin damage.
β-PHENYLETHYLAMINE /fɛnˈɛθələmiːn/ (PEA) or phenylethylamine is an organic compound and a natural monoamine alkaloid, a trace amine, and also the name of a class of chemicals with many members that are well known for their psychoactive and stimulant effects.
Phenylethylamine functions as a neuromodulator or neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. It is biosynthesized from the amino acid L-phenylalanine by enzymatic decarboxylation via the enzymearomatic L-amino acid decarboxylase. In addition to its presence in mammals, phenethylamine is found in many other organisms and foods, such as chocolate, especially after microbial fermentation. It is sold as a dietary supplement for purported mood and weight loss-related therapeutic benefits; however, orally ingested phenethylamine experiences extensive first-pass metabolism by monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B), which turns it into phenylacetic acid. This prevents significant concentrations from reaching the brain when taken in low doses.
The group of phenethylamine derivatives is referred to as the phenethylamines. Substituted phenethylamines, substituted amphetamines, and substituted methylenedioxyphenethylamines (MDxx) are a series of broad and diverse classes of compounds derived from phenethylamine that include empathogens: stimulants, psychedelics, anxiolytics (hypnotics) and entactogens, as well as anorectics, bronchodilators, decongestants, and antidepressants, among others.
CUPUACU EXTRACT is a fairly recent focus thats has received some media praise for its antioxidants and excellent source of Omega's. But can Cupuacu really create weight loss? I took a closer look to find out.
Cupuacu has a long list of alleged benefits that could make it perfect for any diet. Some of these include:
- Increased metabolism
- Suppressed appetite
- Improved skin appearance
- Enhanced organ function
- Decreased inflammation
- Lowered blood pressure and cholesterol
- Improved short-term memory
Even with this long list of potential benefits, Cupuacu Pure is said to most directly enhance weight loss efforts. Cupuacu is said to work through a combination of fat burning and fat cell formation inhibition.
Cupuacu’s advertised benefits seem appealing on several levels. First, Cupuacu is an all-natural diet aid, which people usually equate with product safety. Second, the promise of benefits beyond weight loss makes Cupuacu seem like a cure-all.
Cupuacu contains several antioxidants which may provide some positive effects.
Let’s take a more in-depth look at cupuacu’s antioxidants and other components.
Quercetin is an antioxidant associated with treating heart and circulatory system conditions. In one study, mice fed quercetin had a decrease in fat cells.
Catechins are another antioxidant. Several studies link them to weight loss.
But, these studies almost exclusively used green tea, which is high in catechins. Cupuacu doesn’t necessarily contain the same catechins amount or potency as green tea. Consequently, cupuacu might not create the same effects as green tea.
Niacin is another name for vitamin B3. Niacin is required for dozens of body processes, including energy and hormone production.
Theacrine is an organic molecule with anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects. Theacrine is also related to caffeine.
Cupuacu’s antioxidants and other elements seem beneficial for general health.
Similarly, research on cupuacu itself is limited not only to weight loss due to the density of other beneficial vitamins, minerals and Omegas.
Epicatechin is present in many plants. High quantities can be found in cocoa, tea and grapes.
Epicatechin is a strong antioxidant, has insulin mimic action and improves heart health. Dr. Norman Hollenberg of Harvard Medical School found that Kuna indians, who live on the San Blas Island Chain in Panama and drink high quantities of cocoa drinks, have a lower risk of stroke, heart failure, cancer and diabetes compared to the Indians living on the mainland. Dr. Norman Hollenberg even suggests to consider epicatechin as a vitamin.
Attenuation of diabetes
Studies show that epicatechin and other flavonoids exert a protective role on osmotic fragility of cells, similar to that of insulin. The mechanism of action of epicatechin is different to that of insulin and remains speculative. In diabetic red blood cells epicatechin causes an increase in acetylcholinesterase activity. This activity is significantly lower in type 2 diabetic patients.
Epicatechin reduces lipid peroxidation and inhibits platelet aggregation. Epicatechin cause blood vessel dilation by regulating nitric oxide, a molecule secreted by the blood vessel endothelium to signal surrounding muscle to relax.
Alpha-GPC is a chemical released when a fatty acid found in soy and other plants breaks down. It is used as medicine.
In Europe alpha-GPC is a prescription medication for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. It is available in two forms; one is taken by mouth, and the other is given as a shot. In the United States alpha-GPC is only available as a dietary supplement, mostly in products promoted to improve memory.
Other uses for alpha-GPC include treatment of various kinds of dementia, stroke, and “mini-stroke” (transient ischemic attack, TIA). Alpha-GPC is also used for improving memory, thinking skills, and learning.
How does it work?
Alpha-GPC seems to increase a chemical in the brain called acetylcholine. This brain chemical is important for memory and learning functions.
VITAMIN B6 refers to a group of chemically very similar compounds which can be interconverted in biological systems. Vitamin B6 is part of the vitamin B complex group, and its active form, Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) serves as a cofactor in many enzyme reactions in amino acid, glucose, and lipid metabolism.
Synephrine is an adrenergic agonist that has gained popularity as being an ephedrine alternative. It's found in many species of plants, however the main source today for synephrine is citrus aurantium, aka "bitter orange". Once ephedra was banned, many supplement companies switched to synephrine or methyl-synephrine for their fat loss products.
Methyl-synephrine is often compared to octopamine and suggested to primarily activate beta-3 receptors. Some data suggests the increase in thermogenic activity caused by synephrine may not equate to clinically significant weight loss over time, however methyl-synephrine would likely have a more pronounced effect.
A study using a bitter orange extract standardized for 27 mg synephrine failed to induce any changes in hemodynamics. Conversely, in another study using twice the amount, significant effects were observed for heart rate, systolic pressure, and diastolic pressures, in which all values increased. This would indicate that the minimum threshold dose to elicit adrenergic activity to be somewhere between 27 mg and 54 mg for adult males.
Although synephrine has demonstrated an ability to induce lipolysis (fat burning) by activating beta-3 receptors en vitro, its efficiency in doing so en vivo is greatly limited because of its inherent affinity for alpha receptors. The dose required to sufficiently trigger lipolysis within adipocytes would be intolerable due to its effects on hemodynamics.
The primary difference between synephrine and methylsynephrine is the addition of a methyl group on the alpha carbon. This has extensive pharmacodynamic implications as it increases the affinity of the compound for beta-receptors.
Methylsynephrine has been used clinically for orthostatic hypotension due to its effects on stroke volume, ejection fraction, and cardiac index. It has been used in doses of up to 120mg in healthy adults with no adverse effects. Even at this dose, diastolic pressure decreased, which is evidence for very little alpha-adrenergic activity.
Furthermore, it had no effect on heart rate or mean arterial pressure. Some of methylsynephrines therapeutic efficacy is mediated by acting as a norepinephrine-releasing agent, and also by inhibiting its uptake. The majority of methylsynephrines pharmacological appeal resides in its ability to activate beta receptors, which is exemplified through its effects on the heart and haemodynamics. This also implies significant beta-3 activity and an ability to induce lipolysis which is consistent with some of its marketing claims.
Another deviation from synephrine is methylsynephrines limited propensity to activate alpha-2 receptors on platelets. This would avoid the complications of intravascular clotting, which has resulted in myocardial infarction mortality associated with synephrine, although allow for the possibility of cerebral hemorrhage.
Methyl-synephrine is a unique compound which has not been used frequently in clinical practice. Due to its ephedrine-like pharmacology and its (surprisingly) clean safety record, it will likely become a more common ingredient in fat loss supplements in the future.
N-ACETYL-L-TYROSINE is one of the amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein. The body makes tyrosine from another amino acid called phenylalanine. Tyrosine can also be found in dairy products, meats, fish, eggs, nuts, beans, oats, and wheat. Tyrosine is used in protein supplements to treat an inherited disorder called phenylketonuria (PKU). People who have this problem can’t process phenylalanine properly, so as a result they can’t make tyrosine. To meet their bodies’ needs, supplemental tyrosine is given. People take tyrosine for depression, attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the inability to stay awake (narcolepsy), and improving alertness following sleep deprivation. It is also used for stress, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), alcohol and cocaine withdrawal, heart disease and stroke, ED (erectile dysfunction), loss of interest in sex, schizophrenia, and as a suntan agent and appetite suppressant.
HORDENINE is a natural phenylethylamine-related chemical that occurs in a number of different plants such as barley grass and bitter orange. Also known as N,N-dimethyltyramine, this compound is a N-methyl derivative of the amino acid tyramine. Hordenine is also increasingly being used as a Nootropic that works to improve cognitive function, stimulate higher energy levels and improve your mood. This nootropic is used as an herbal MAO inhibitor to promote focus, concentration and even euphoric feelings. The supplement is also used by bodybuilders, athletes and people trying to lose weight because it can increase metabolism while at the same time decreasing appetite. You will commonly see Hordenine being stacked with phenlyethylamine (PEA) for cognitive enhancement purposes.
The primary effect of this supplement is to increase energy at the same time that it helps to control appetite and promote fat loss. Although all of these effects are much more pronounced in athletes and those who are engaged in serious training (strength or otherwise), these effects can also be seen in those who are not actively engaged in any sort of physical activity. This means that everyone may now have the potential for easy fat loss, due to more calories being burned even while at rest.
Hordenine also has the benefit of helping to slow the digestion of food. This is also largely responsible for the supplement acting as an apparent appetite suppressant, since it makes it possible to last more time between meals. This, in turn, lowers overall caloric intake, speeds satiation during eating, and eliminates hunger pains and other food cravings. This means huge potential for anyone on a diet.
Hordenine may also have a potential benefit as a bronchodilator. In other words, it may have promise as an asthma treatment option. However, at this point, there needs to be more research in this area.
This supplement is also becoming increasingly well-known as having a number of cognitive benefits. Many users indicate that it helps to produce greater levels of cognitive energy and boosts their productivity, sometimes dramatically. Others find they have a lot more motivation – especially when it comes to sex drive. Addition mental benefits include the lengthening of the attention span, reduction of brain fog, and lends itself to better concentration and focus to avoid distractions. Some people think that taking this as part of a Nootropic stack may help to potentiate and synergize with many other supplements from Aniracetam to Noopept to Adrafinil. There is also evidence that Hordenine may help certain people work on mentally demanding tasks for extended periods of time.
HIGENAMINE is a chemical found in several plants including aconite, Annona squamosa, Nandina domestica (sacred bamboo), and others.
In supplements, higenamine is now showing up in products promoted as a pre-workout supplement for improving athletic performance. There is also interest in using higenamine for weight loss, cough, asthma, heart failure, and erectile dysfunction.
How does it work?
Higenamine works like a stimulant. In some parts of the body it causes tissues to relax. In other parts of the body, such as the heart, it causes tissue to contract. It seems to increase heart contractions and speed up the heart rate.
Halostachine, also known as N-methylphenylethanolamine, is an extract of the plant Halostachys capsica.
Halostachine was first introduced to the supplement market because of their fat burning function. Researchers claim that Halostachine works similarly to ephedrine in burning fat since Halostachine owns the similar structure with ephedrine.
Ephedrine alkaloids are members of a large family of sympathomimetic compounds that include dobutamine and amphetamine. Members of this family increase blood pressure and heart rate by binding to both alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors present in many parts of the body, including the heart and blood vessels. These compounds are called sympathomimetics because they mimic the effects of epinephrine and norepinephrine, which occur naturally in the human body.
Usually fat loss drugs like ephedrine and clenbuterol are beta adrenergic receptor agonists. This stimulation causes fat to be released to be burned as energy. One paper that examined adrenaline and compounds similar in structure to adrenaline noted that Halostachine is indeed a beta adrenergic receptor agonist with properties similar to adrenaline. Furthermore, Halostachine was found to be about 19% as effective as adrenaline in stimulating cAMP accumulation as a result of beta agonism.
All these evidences prove Halostachine HCl to be a very good botanical adrenergic receptor agonist. Gain more lean mass and burn fat, Halostachine HCl is really a nice gift from Halostachys capsica.
OCTOPAMINE is one of the lesser-known nootropic compounds that is starting to now receive more attention. User reviews say that it gives them more energy, makes it easier to focus, enhances motivation and is effective as a wakefulness promoter. Octopamine is what is known as an endogenous biogenic amine that is closely related to the hormone norepinephrine. From a chemical standpoint, this means that it is an organic compound that contains a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair (or a valence electron pair without bonding or sharing with other atoms). It is a derivative of ammonia with the hydrogen being at least partially replaced.
This supplement is derived from tyramine, a natural amino acid that is found in foods like tomatoes and liver. The supplement was discovered in 1948 by the Italian scientists Vittorrio Erspamer within the salivary glands of the octopus (hence its unique name). Interestingly enough, this supplement occurs naturally in a number of invertebrates and acts in a number of different functions including as a neurotransmitter, neurohormone, and a neuromodulator. In vertebrates this supplement is thought to replace norepinephrine in neurons involved in the sympathetic nervous system when taking MAOIs.
Octopamine works by stimulating beta3 adrenergic receptors, causing the breakdown of fat cells in the body, among other mechanisms of action. This is effected by mobilization of the release of fat from adipocytes (or fat cells). This has, of course, given rise to the investigation of this supplement as a slimming and potential weight loss agent.
Octopamine also works by acting as a neurohormone, neuromodulator, and even as a neurotransmitter in the human body. It appears to work by affecting and modulating both the noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and the Dopamine systems within the brain. Unfortunately, a number of human studies are lacking, which is partly responsible for the lack of understanding of these methods of action.
There are some noted nootropic benefits of Octopamine, though this supplement is not extensively used as a nootropic. As an agonist of certain adrenergic receptors in the brain, Octopamine has a stimulating effect and can increase energy, alertness, vigilance and awareness. Some users will take it when they really need to focus for long periods of time or increase their drive to attack a project at work or school. It has been compared to Adderall and Ritalin for these purposes, though in the nootropic community drugs like Adrafinil and Modafinil are still preferred.
Probably the most common use of this supplement is as a fat burner and weight loss agent. Since there is evidence to suggest that this supplement aids in the release and breakdown of fats this could be a significant benefit for most people. It has indeed been used in many types of fat-loss products already. Additionally, it is less likely to lose effectiveness over longer periods of time, which is a significant benefit over many other fat burning products that tend to only work well for a few weeks.
Octopamine is also thought to increase the metabolism of the body. This ends up burning more calories and helping with weight loss. It supports insulin secretion and sensitivity which may lead to reductions in the symptoms of diabetes sufferers. There is also some thought that the supplement may lead to a reduced appetite, although this is still being researched.
Octopamine is used to treat low blood pressure and heart disease (in some cases). There is some evidence suggesting it may stimulate the release of chemicals known as catecholamines. These are hormones similar to adrenaline that can help the body adjust to, and deal with, stress.
Athletes who are looking to prevent muscle loss while dieting, like bodybuilders and fitness athletes, might benefit significantly from this supplement. This is due to the thinking that Octopamine may prevent the breakdown of protein for energy. This leads to preserving that hard built muscle mass.
As a beta 3 adrenergic agonist, Octopamine is able to potentially play a role in almost all of the body’s metabolic processes. These receptor are very active and may also lead to fat loss. The most effective role of the supplement here is that it seems to ONLY activate these beta 3 receptors, while leaving all the others alone. This effect alone should help to increase the body’s overall ability to burn fat.
Piperine for mood support
Antidepressant like effects of piperine in chronic mild stress treated mice and its possible mechanisms.
In this study, we investigated the antidepressant effect of piperine in mice exposed to chronic mild stress procedure. Repeated administration of piperine for 14 days at the doses of 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg reversed the stress -induced changes in sucrose consumption, plasma corticosterone level and open field activity. Furthermore, the decreased proliferation of hippocampal progenitor cells was ameliorated and the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in hippocampus of CMS stressed mice was up-regulated by piperine treatment in the same time course. In summary, up-regulation of the progenitor cell proliferation of hippocampus and cytoprotective activity might be mechanisms involved in the antidepressant like effect of piperine.
Piperine as antioxidant
Efficacy of piperine, an alkaloidal constituent from Piper nigrum on erythrocyte antioxidant status in high fat diet and antithyroid drug induced hyperlipidemic rats.
The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of piperine on erythrocyte antioxidant status in high fat diet (HFD) and antithyroid drug induced hyperlipidemic rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into eight groups. The first four groups were fed a control diet and in addition were given respectively 1% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC); 10 mg/kg body weight carbimazole (CM); 10 mg CM + 40 mg/kg body weight piperine and 10 mg CM + 2 mg/kg body weight atorvastatin. A similar pattern was followed for the next four groups except that they were all fed HFD instead of the control diet. Erythrocyte osmotic fragility, total cholesterol, phospholipids, lipid peroxidation products, enzymic and non-enzymic antioxidant status were studied in all experimental groups. Significantly increased osmotic fragility, total cholesterol/phospholipid ratio, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and lipid hydroperoxides were observed in the plasma and erythrocytes of HFD fed and CM treated rats compared to the control. Superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, vitamin E and reduced glutathione in erythrocytes and vitamin C in the plasma were also significantly lowered in HFD fed, antithyroid drug treated rats compared to control animals. Concurrent piperine supplementation along with HFD and antithyroid drug administration normalized erythrocyte osmotic fragility, reduced lipid peroxidation, and improved the enzymic and non-enzymic antioxidant status compared to those rats that did not receive piperine. Piperine supplementation markedly protects erythrocytes from oxidative stress by improving the antioxidant status in HFD fed antithyroid drug treated rats.
Piperine and blood pressure
It appears that piperine may lower blood pressure but could also constrict blood vessels. Different animals appear to have a different response to the effects of piperine. The influence of a piperine supplement on blood pressure in humans remains to be evaluated.
Blood pressure lowering and vasomodulator effects of piperine.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2008. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences; Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Gulshan Campus Karachi, Pakistan.
This study was aimed to explore underlying mechanism(s) of cardiovascular effects of piperine. Intravenous administration of piperine caused a dose-dependent (1 to 10 mg/kg) decrease in mean arterial pressure in normotensive anesthetized rats; the next higher dose (30 mg/kg) did not cause any further change in mean arterial pressure. The fall in blood pressure was followed by small increase in MAP after each dose. In Langendorrf's rabbit heart preparation, piperine caused partial inhibition and verapamil caused complete inhibition of force and rate of ventricular contractions and coronary flow. In rabbit aortic rings, piperine inhibited high K+ precontractions and partially inhibited phenylephrine (PE), suggesting Ca2+ channel blockade. In rat aorta, piperine demonstrated endothelium-independent vasodilator effect and was more potent against high K+ precontractions than PE. Our data indicate that piperine possesses a blood pressure-lowering effect mediated possibly through calcium channel blockade, while consistent decrease in BP was restricted by associated vasoconstrictor effect. Additionally, species selectivity exists in the calcium channel blockade effect of piperine.
As an appetite and thirst suppressant. N
As an appetite and thirst suppressant. Native South Africans, notably the Khoi-San herders, have used this plant for centuries in order to endure extended periods of time without food or water. This quality may render this plant useful as a treatment for obesity, but more controlled research in humans is needed. The active compound responsible for the plant’s appetite suppressant action is a pregnane glycoside (similar in structure to a cardiac glycoside), which has been isolated and patented as P57, although it is possible that more than one compound is responsible for this action. Hoodia gordonii also contains saponins. This compound acts on the central nervous system (CNS), but may also be active peripherally on appetite regulation, via the vagal afferent nerves, as well as on potentially anorectic peripheral hormones such as cholecystokynin (CKK), for example. Limited data involving a clinical trial with 18 obese men report a favorable effects related to appetite suppression and weight loss. In this trial, the plant was well tolerated by the participants and no significant adverse effects were reported.
NIACIN, also called nicotinic acid, is a B vitamin (vitamin B3). It occurs naturally in plants and animals, and is also added to many foods as a vitamin supplement. It is also present in many multiple vitamins and nutritional supplements.
Niacin is used to treat and prevent a lack of natural niacin in the body, and to lower cholesterol and triglycerides (types of fat) in the blood. It is also used to lower the risk of heart attack in people with high cholesterol who have already had a heart attack. It is sometimes used to treat coronary artery disease (also called atherosclerosis).
Yohimbine HCL is a potent vasodilator, which means that it increases blood flow to the extremities, which is what is thought to be responsible for yohimbine's effect on increasing sex drive.
AMP citrate is a compound by many names. Some may refer to it as methylpentanamine, while others call it 1,3-dimethylbutylamine Citrate. Whatever it is called, there’s one thing that is certain, this compound has a remarkable structural similarity to the now banned DMAA ingredient, once popular in many fat burners and pre workouts. As such, this new ingredient is now known as the “next DMAA”.
Where does AMP Citrate Come From?
AMP citrate can be chemically synthesised. However, supplement manufacturers claim that it can be found in Pouchong tea, a Chinese tea similar to oolong.
AMP Citrate Benefits
As mentioned above AMP citrate is a very close relative to DMAA or 1,3-dimethylamylamine. The close relationship between these two compounds can be best demonstrated by the fact that AMP citrate (methylpetanamine) and DMAA (AKA methylhexanamine) share the same basic structure, but DMAA contains an extra carbon in its skeleton. Because of these similarities, the effects of AMP citrate are very similar to DMAA. When consumed in small doses, AMP citrate is a strong central nervous system stimulant that can help increase energy, focus, and metabolism. In other words, if you have been looking for a DMAA alternative, this is as close as it will ever get.
DMAA had a structural similarity to amphetamines, which could potentially result in false drug tests. However because AMP citrate is one carbon short, it is further differentiated from amphetamines, and may be less likely to result in false positives.
AMP Citrate Negatives & Side Effects
Due to its similarities with DMAA, the side effects of AMP citrate are also quite similar. High doses can cause jitteriness, rapid heartbeat, and related symptoms. Users of AMP citrate have also reported that it can cause a DMAA-like crash after the effects have worn off.